According to Weizenbaum, ELIZA’s ability to be “incrementally improved” by various users made it similar to Eliza Doolittle, However, unlike in Shaw’s play, ELIZA is incapable of learning new patterns of speech or new words through interaction alone.
Edits must be made directly to ELIZA’s active script in order to change the manner by which the program operates.
Created to demonstrate the superficiality of communication between man and machine, Eliza simulated conversation by using a 'pattern matching' and substitution methodology that gave users an illusion of understanding on the part of the program, but had no built in framework for contextualizing events.
Directives on how to interact were provided by 'scripts', written originally in MAD-Slip, which allowed ELIZA to process user inputs and engage in discourse following the rules and directions of the script.
By the time Mazurenko finished college and moved back to Moscow in 2007, Russia had become newly prosperous.
The country tentatively embraced the wider world, fostering a new generation of cosmopolitan urbanites.
A true Turing test does not set the questions or topics prior to the conversations.The most famous script, DOCTOR, simulated a Rogerian psychotherapist and used rules, dictated in the script, to respond with non-directional questions to user inputs.As such, ELIZA was one of the first chatterbots, but was also regarded as one of the first programs capable of passing the Turing Test.There are several problems that I describe below, including a transcript of a conversation that I had with Eugene Goostman, the chatbot in question.In my 2004 book , page 295 | Turing was carefully imprecise in setting the rules for his test, and significant literature has been devoted to the subtleties of establishing the exact procedures for determining how to assess when the Turing test has been passed.As a teen he sought out adventure: he participated in political demonstrations against the ruling party and, at 16, started traveling abroad.